Black Friday or Buy Nothing Day? Your choice
Friday 25 November is a nightmare for the indecisive among us.
On one hand Black Friday means the discount-fuelled, frenzied start of the Christmas shopping season.
On the other Buy Nothing Day is an invitation to pledge to escape the "shopalypse" for 24 hours.
What is Black Friday?
Black Friday is yet another American import and over there it’s standard for some shops to open at midnight.
Reportedly 7 deaths and nearly 100 injuries have been linked to this trading day in the past 10 years.
So what drives us to these extremes of behaviour in the cause of a discounted TV?
The root causes of our shopping obsession are complex.
Everybody needs stuff. That’s a given, and there is undeniable pleasure in acquiring certain things.
The huge increase in consumption in recent decades has, however, been driven by a number of factors.
In a double whammy, portable technology and social platforms mean that we are shelling out for products that are increasingly effective at advertising more stuff back to us.
Effects of over-consumption
So where does this leave us? With an unhealthy dependency on consumption to define our identities (pdf).
Increasingly it’s what we have, rather than who we are or what we do, that defines us.
And while some of us have too much, there are many both in the UK and abroad who simply don’t have enough.
Facts about consumption
Rising consumption of the key resources used to manufacture the products we consume is a huge environmental problem.
Many key resources are finite and the rate we are using them up at is terrifying.
And of course there’s reams of evidence that excessive consumption just isn’t good for us.
Author James Walman makes the point that experiences, like connecting with nature and enjoying time with family and friends, are far more important to our wellbeing.
UK greenhouse gas emissions would be at least 50% higher (pdf) if they were to include the emissions from manufacturing the products we consume, as seems reasonable.
Essentially the outsourcing of much of our manufacturing has also outsourced a massive chunk of the emissions we are responsible for.
Circular Economy explained
So what can be done? Lots actually. First we need smarter ways to run our economy and produce the products we all need.
Increasingly known as the Circular Economy, this isn’t just about more recycling.
It’s a different way of thinking about the production process where the consumption of virgin raw materials is minimised.
Products would be:
- far better designed
- more durable
- efficient in manufacture and use.
Hiring rather than buying options for seldom-used products makes complete sense in some cases.
Some companies are already adopting these principles. More companies need to get on with it. Sharpish.
We also need action to tackle what helps to drive over-onsumption by:
- Measures to reduce all forms of inequality (pdf)
- Initiatives to promote sharing, control advertising and encourage more careful consumption (pdf) as well as healthier ways to express who we are
There’s also something you can do right now to help reduce your own consumption of resources.
Find out more about eating better, for a healthier diet that's kinder to the planet.
Richard Dyer is an economics and resources campaigner
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