How will the decision to leave the EU affect nature and the environment?
On 23 June 2016 the UK voted to leave the European Union. We still don’t know what will happen next, but one thing is clear: this was not a vote to cut our environmental protections.
We also know that if we want to tackle the urgent global environmental challenges we face, then we have to work together — regardless of our background, our country of birth, or where we live.
After Brexit: What can I do for the environment?
Brexit is threatening to weaken our environmental laws.
MPs will soon be voting whether to bring over all EU environmental laws into UK law through the Withdrawal Bill. But at the moment, the Bill is not fit for purpose. If this doesn't change then the laws that make our air clean and our nature thrive could be lost.
It's crucial that every single MP hears from their constituents ahead of the vote. Will you take two minutes to ask your MP to vote to save our environmental protections today?
What has Europe done for us?
While far from perfect, EU membership has benefited the UK’s nature and environment. 28 countries joining to tackle shared challenges across the continent has led to healthier air, cleaner beaches and water, and more protection for animals, birds and their habitats.
- In the 1970s the UK was known as the 'dirty man of Europe'. Pollution from UK coal-fired power stations was causing acid rain. Forests across Europe withered. EU action on air quality put an end to this. As a result, sulphur dioxide emissions dropped by 94% by 2011. This prevented an estimated 46,000 premature deaths between 1990 and 2001.
- Some of the UK’s best loved nature sites are protected by the EU — places like Cannock Chase, Flamborough Head, Dartmoor and Snowdonia. Before European Nature Directives kicked in, we were losing 15% of our protected sites a year. Now it’s down to 1%.
- In the 1970s we pumped untreated sewage straight into the sea. But EU laws, and the threat of fines, forced us to clean up our act. Now over 90% of our beaches are considered clean enough to bathe off.
Leaving the EU puts much of this at risk. There are some opportunities, such as improving the way we do farming in the UK. But we must make sure EU protections don’t get weakened.
We need strong environmental laws after Brexit
Friends of the Earth is campaigning for:
- The UK’s environmental laws to stay as strong as, or stronger than, those in the rest of Europe
- The UK to be an international leader on climate change
- Any farming or land subsidies to be based on public good, eg improving biodiversity or better flood protection
- The UK to keep working with our European and international neighbours on our joint environmental challenges.
Friends of the Earth believes passionately in democracy. We'll continue campaigning for the best environmental outcomes for all people, in the UK and abroad.
EU safeguards for nature
Across the UK hundreds of sites are protected by the EU because of their natural importance. These are sites that contain vital habitats — relied on by our most vulnerable species.
EU protections mean these habitats and species are looked after and must be taken into account in decisions about development - things like roadbuilding, mining and energy projects. These protections also mean that if a decision could damage an important natural area, any one of us can legally challenge that decision.
Watch Christine’s story about how she stood up for a protected site that she loved.
Greener UK coalition
Friends of the Earth is part of the Greener UK coalition.
Greener UK is a coalition of environmental groups working together to ensure that Brexit is used as an opportunity to strengthen the UK's environment, not damage it.
It consists of RSPB, National Trust, The Wildlife Trusts, WWF, Campaign for Better Transport, CPRE, Client Earth, E3G, Friends of the Earth, Green Alliance, Greenpeace, WWT and Woodland Trust.
For more information on how we're working together, visit Greener UK.