Photo of sawn timber pile

Different types of wood timber: the A-Z of good wood

If repairing or reusing old wood isn't possible, here's a guide to buying new timber. Find out if it's from endangered trees, or from a sustainable source.
01 Feb 2018     |       28 minute read

Friends of the Earth recommends repairing or adapting existing wooden items, using reclaimed timber, or buying locally-grown FSC-certified wood.

If that's not possible, use the table below to help you find the best alternative when buying new timber. It covers tree species information including:

  • common and scientific name *
  • whether it's threatened with extinction (see key below)
  • places of origin
  • common uses

* Listed alphabetically by common name and according to type of tree – eg American Cedar is listed under Cedar, American.

About The Good Wood Guide

The Good Wood Guide was produced in 1997 in partnership with Fauna & Flora International through Fenside Waste Management Ltd and The Rufford Foundation. Friends of the Earth England, Wales and Northern Ireland no longer runs a campaign directly on forests. If you have questions about forests, or anything else in the guide, please take a look at our links page.

Key to threat classification

  • CRCritically Endangered
    A very high risk of extinction in the wild
  • ENEndangered
    A high risk of extinction in the wild
  • VUVulnerable
    At risk of extinction in the wild
  • NTNear Threatened
    Close to qualifying as Vulnerable

Alphabetical list of different types of wood and timber

Woods beginning with A

Jump to: A   B   C   D   E   F   G   H   I   J   K   L   M   N   O   P   Q   R   S   T   U   V   W   X   Y   Z

Abura

Mitragyna ciliata

From: West Africa
Uses: Interior joinery.

Afara

Terminalia superba

From: Africa
Uses: Plywood, interior use.

Afrormosia

Pericopsis elataEN

From: West Africa
Uses: Furniture, joinery.

Afzelia

Afzelia spp.
A. africanaVU
A. bipindensisVU
A. pachylobaVU

From: West Africa
Uses: Top quality exterior joinery.

Agba

Gossweilerodendron balsamiferumEN

From: West Africa
Uses: Plywood, furniture.

Alder

Alnus glutinosa

From: UK, Europe
Uses: Minor utility products. Occasionally available as beams.

Alstonia

Alstonia spp.

From: Africa
Uses: Various, depending on density.

Andiroba

Carapa guianensis

From: South America
Uses: Turnery.

Andoung

Monopetalanthus spp.
M. durandiiVU
M. compactusVU
M. heitziiNT

From: Africa
Uses: Furniture, light construction, plywood, boxes and crates.

Antiaris

Antiaris spp.

From: Africa
Uses: Veneer, plywood, furniture, joinery, boxes and crates, light construction.

Apple

Malus sylvestris

From: UK, Europe
Uses: Minor craft items.

Asanfona

Aningeria spp.

From: Africa
Uses: Musical instruments, heavy construction, marine, furniture, flooring.

Ash, UK

Fraxinus spp.

From: UK, Europe, North America
Uses: Light coloured furniture, panelling, tool handles. Occasionally available as flooring.

Ayan

Distemonanthus benthamianus

From: Africa
Uses: Outdoor construction, marine construction, furniture, decorative veneers.

Woods beginning with B

Jump to: A   B   C   D   E   F   G   H   I   J   K   L   M   N   O   P   Q   R   S   T   U   V   W   X   Y   Z

Balau / Selangan batu /bangkirai

Shorea spp.
Many species areCR/EN/VU

From: South-east Asia
Uses: Heavy duty construction work.

Balsa

Ochroma lagopus

From: Ecuador
Uses: Model making, insulation.

Basralocus

Dicornia guianensis

From: South America
Uses: Marine and dock work.

Beech

Fagus spp.

From: UK, Europe, North America
Uses: Furniture, flooring, musical instruments. Regularly available as wood strip and woodblock flooring.

Berlinia, red

Berlinia spp.
B. occidentalisVU

From: Africa
Uses: Heavy construction, furniture and cabinetwork, veneers, panelling.

Bintangor

Calophyllum spp.
Some species are threatened

From: South-east Asia
Uses: General purpose timber, musical instruments.

Binuang

Octomeles sumatrana

From: South-east Asia
Uses: Plywood, light construction, furniture components, cabinetwork.

Birch

Betula spp.

From: UK, Europe, North America
Uses: General purpose timber, plywood.

Black bean

Castanospermum australe

From: Australia
Uses: Furniture, cabinetwork, joinery.

Black locust

Robinia pseudoacacia

From: Europe, America
Uses: Poles, agricultural implements, furniture.

Blackbutt

Eucalyptus pilularis

From: Australia
Uses: General purpose timber, construction (including marine), flooring.

Blackwood, African

Dalbergia melanoxylonNT

From: Africa
Uses: Musical instruments, craft products.

Blue gum

Eucalyptus saligna

From: Australia
Uses: General purpose timber, also used for paper. Occasionally available as wood strip flooring.

Boxwood, European

Buxus sempervirens

From: Europe
Uses: Turnery, craftwork, sports goods, musical instruments.

Bubinga Minor

Copaifera salikoundaVU

From: West Africa
Uses: Veneer, furniture. Regularly available as woodblock flooring.

Woods beginning with C

Jump to: A   B   C   D   E   F   G   H   I   J   K   L   M   N   O   P   Q   R   S   T   U   V   W   X   Y   Z

Caimito

Pouteria spp.
Several species are threatened

From: South America
Uses: Light construction, furniture, cabinet work.

Canarium

Canarium schweinfurthii

From: Africa
Uses: Light construction, furniture, veneer, plywood.

Cedar, American

Cedrela spp.
C. odorataVU
C. fissilisEN
C. lilloiEN

From: South and Central America
Uses: Cabinet making, boatbuilding, light construction.

Cedar, pencil (softwood)

Juniperus virginianaNT
J. proceraNT

From: J. virginiana: North America J. procera: East Africa
Uses: Specialist uses.

Cedar, western red (softwood)

Thuja plicata

From: North America,
Uses: Exterior use, cladding some UK plantations. Regularly available as beams.

Celtis

Celtis spp.

From: Africa
Uses: Furniture, cabinets, carving, veneer.

Cherry, European

Prunus spp.

From: UK, Europe, North America
Uses: Specialised crafted furniture and decorative work, musical instruments.

Chestnut, horse, UK

Aesculus hippocastanum

From: Europe
Uses: Minor goods, turnery and utensils. Regularly available as beams.

Chestnut, sweet

Castanea sativa

From: UK, Europe
Uses: Furniture, joinery, fencing. Regularly available as beams.

Chontaquiro

Diplotropis martiussi

From: South America
Uses: Outdoor and marine construction.

Coigue

Nothofagus dombeyi

From: South America
Uses: Furniture, joinery, mouldings, turnery.

Cordia

Cordia millenii

From: Africa
Uses: Exterior cladding, furniture, joinery.

Cottonwood

Bombax spp.

From: Africa
Uses: Plywood, blockboard, boxes and crates, furniture.

Curupay / Curapixa

Anadenanthera macrocarpa

From: South America
Uses: Heavy construction, flooring, turnery.

Woods beginning with D

Jump to: A   B   C   D   E   F   G   H   I   J   K   L   M   N   O   P   Q   R   S   T   U   V   W   X   Y   Z

Dafo

Terminalia brassii

From: South-east Asia
Uses: Veneer, furniture, cabinet work, joinery.

Dahoma

Piptadeniastrum africanum

From: Africa
Uses: Heavy construction, wharf decking, flooring.

Danta

Nesogordonia papaveriferaVU

From: Africa
Uses: Furniture, turnery, flooring, tool handles.

Denya

Cyclicodiscus gabunensis

From: Africa
Uses: External construction.

Durian

Durio spp.
Several species areVU

From: South-east Asia
Uses: Furniture, veneer, plywood, light construction.

Woods beginning with E

Jump to: A   B   C   D   E   F   G   H   I   J   K   L   M   N   O   P   Q   R   S   T   U   V   W   X   Y   Z

Ebony

Diospyros spp.
Several species areEN/VU

From: Africa, Asia
Uses: Cutlery handles, musical instruments, craftwork. Regularly available as antique escutcheons, door knobs.

Ekki / Azobe / Kaku West

Lophira alataVU

From: Africa
Uses: Sea defences, sleepers. Occasionally available as woodblock flooring.

Elm

Ulmus spp.

From: UK, Europe, North America
Uses: Furniture, joinery, flooring, external cladding. Regularly available as floorboards.

Woods beginning with F

Jump to: A   B   C   D   E   F   G   H   I   J   K   L   M   N   O   P   Q   R   S   T   U   V   W   X   Y   Z

Fir, Douglas (softwood)

Pseudotsuga taxifolia
P. menziesii

From: UK, Europe (plantations) North America
Uses: Plywood, structural work, sea defences. Regularly available as floorboards.

Fir, silver (softwood)

Abies alba

From: UK (plantations),
Uses: Building, joinery, packaging.

Freijo

Cordia goeldiana

From: South America
Uses: Joinery, veneer, construction.

Fromager

Ceiba pentandra

From: Africa, South America
Uses: Veneer, weak packaging.

Woods beginning with G

Jump to: A   B   C   D   E   F   G   H   I   J   K   L   M   N   O   P   Q   R   S   T   U   V   W   X   Y   Z

Gmelina

Gmelina arborea

From: Native to South Asia, timber is from tropical plantations
Uses: Light construction, packaging, furniture.

Gombe

Didelotia spp.
D. idaeNT
D. unifoliolataNT

From: Africa
Uses: Plywood, blockboard, veneers, particleboard, furniture, joinery.

Greenheart

Chlorocardium rodieiVU
Ocotea rodiaeiVU

From: Guyana
Uses: Sea defences. Regularly available as beams.

Guarea

Guarea cedrataVU
Guarea thompsoniiVU

From: Central and West Africa
Uses: Furniture and exterior work.

Woods beginning with H

Jump to: A   B   C   D   E   F   G   H   I   J   K   L   M   N   O   P   Q   R   S   T   U   V   W   X   Y   Z

Hemlock, western (softwood)

Tsuga heterophylla

From: UK, Europe (plantations) North America
Uses: Construction.

Hickory

Carya spp.

From: North America
Uses: Sports goods, tool handles, drum sticks.

Holly

Ilex aquifolium

From: UK, Europe
Uses: Craft work, inlays.

Hornbeam

Carpinus betulus

From: UK, Europe
Uses: Minor items, musical instruments.

Hyedua

Guibourtia ehieVU

From: West Africa
Uses: Interior construction, furniture, veneer, turnery.

Woods beginning with I

Jump to: A   B   C   D   E   F   G   H   I   J   K   L   M   N   O   P   Q   R   S   T   U   V   W   X   Y   Z

Idigbo / Emeri / Framire

Terminalia ivorensisVU

From: West Africa
Uses: Joinery and outdoor work.

Ilomba

Pycnanthus angolensis

From: Africa
Uses: General utility timber, furniture components, interior joinery, plywood.

Imbuja

Phoebe / Ocotea porosaVU

From: South America
Uses: Interior construction, furniture.

Ipe Peroba/ Ipe de Campos

Paratecoma peroba

From: South America
Uses: Furniture, interior joinery, decking, flooring, vats and tanks, veneers.

Iroko / Odum / Mvule

Milicia excelsaNT

From: Africa
Uses: Garden furniture, boatbuilding, flooring and joinery. Regularly available as wood strip and woodblock flooring.

Izombe

Testulea gabonensisEN

From: Africa
Uses: Turnery.

Woods beginning with J

Jump to: A   B   C   D   E   F   G   H   I   J   K   L   M   N   O   P   Q   R   S   T   U   V   W   X   Y   Z

Jacareuba

Calophyllum spp.

From: South America
Uses: General purpose timber, musical instruments.

Jarrah

Eucalyptus marginata

From: Australia
Uses: Outdoor construction, flooring, decking, sleepers. Regularly available as wood strip and woodblock flooring, occasionally as beams.

Jelutong

Dyera costulata

From: South-east Asia
Uses: Interior work, crafts, pattern making.

Jequitiba

Cariniana spp.

From: South America
Uses: Construction, furniture.

Woods beginning with K

Jump to: A   B   C   D   E   F   G   H   I   J   K   L   M   N   O   P   Q   R   S   T   U   V   W   X   Y   Z

Kapur

Dryobalanops spp.
D.aromaticaCR
Some other speciesEN

From: South-east Asia (Indonesia, Malaysia)
Uses: Exterior joinery and construction.

Karri

Eucalyptus diversicolor

From: Australia
Uses: Heavy duty outdoor construction, sleepers. Regularly available as wood strip and woodblock flooring, occasionally as beams.

Kauvula

Endospermum medullosum

From: South-east Asia
Uses: Furniture parts, minor items.

Kempas uses

Koompassia malaccensis

From: South-east Asia
Uses: Heavy construction.

Keruing / Yang / Curjun

Dipterocarpus spp.
Many speciesCR/EN

From: Indonesia, Malaysia
Uses: Strength applications in hidden work in furniture, building, and transport decking, plywood. Regularly available as flooring.

Khaya

(see: Mahogany, African)

Kokoti

Anopyxis klaineanaVU

From: Africa
Uses: Underwater construction and piling.

Kosipo / Omu

Entandrophragma candolleiVU

From: Africa
Uses: Furniture, flooring.

Koto

Pterygota sppP. macrocarpaVU
P. bequaertiiVU

From: Africa
Uses: Veneer, interior joinery, furniture.

Kussia

(see: Opepe)

Woods beginning with L

Jump to: A   B   C   D   E   F   G   H   I   J   K   L   M   N   O   P   Q   R   S   T   U   V   W   X   Y   Z

Larch

Larix decidua

From: UK (softwood) (plantations) Europe, Russia
Uses: General purpose timber.

Latandza

Albizia ferrugineaVU

From: Africa
Uses: Heavy construction, furniture, marine work, veneer.

Lati

Amphimas spp.

From: Africa
Uses: Interior joinery, veneer, mouldings.

Laurel,

Chilean Laurelia aromatica

From: South America
Uses: Veneer.

Lignum vitae

Guaiacum spp.
G. officinaleEN
G. sanctumEN

From: Central and South
Uses: Special bearings, tools, sports goods.

Limbali

Gilbertiodendron spp.
Several speciesVU

From: Africa
Uses: Construction (including marine), industrial flooring, panelling.

Lime

Tilia spp.

From: Europe
Uses: Brush backs, turnery, minor goods. Regularly available as antique carving.

Longui

Chrysophyllum africana

From: Africa
Uses: General purpose timber.

Louro (see also Greenheart)

Ocotea spp.
Several speciesVU

From: South America
Uses: Marine structures, heavy duty work.

Woods beginning with M

Jump to: A   B   C   D   E   F   G   H   I   J   K   L   M   N   O   P   Q   R   S   T   U   V   W   X   Y   Z

Mahogany, African

Khaya ivorensisVU

From: West Africa
Uses: Utility and decorative work, indoors and outdoors, from boatbuilding to furniture and joinery. Regularly available as woodblock flooring.

Mahogany, Brazilian

Swietenia macrophyllaVU

From: Central and South America
Uses: Joinery, high quality furniture, plywood. Regularly available as woodblock flooring, occasionally as beams.

Makarati

Burkea africana

From: Africa
Uses: Flooring, furniture, joinery.

Makore

Tieghemella heckeliiEN

From: West Africa
Uses: Joinery and wood work subjected to tough environments.

Mansonia

Mansonia altissimaEN

From: Africa
Uses: High class joinery and furniture.

Maple

Acer spp.

From: North America
Uses: Flooring, musical instruments. Regularly available as wood strip or woodblock flooring.

Mashonate / Guariuba

Clarisia racemosa

From: South America
Uses: Construction, furniture, mouldings, flooring, turnery.

Medang

Litsea spp.
L. leytensisVU

From: South-east Asia
Uses: Joinery, carving, furniture, light construction, veneer.

Mengkulang

Heriteria spp.

From: South-east Asia
Uses: Interior joinery.

Meranti / Seraya (parts of Malaysia) and Lauan (Philippines) Red, Yellow and White

Shorea spp.
Many speciesCR/EN/VU

From: South-east Asia
Uses: All types of joinery, framing, doors and fittings. Also used in plywood. Regularly available as woodblock and wood strip flooring, occasionally as beams.

Merbau

Intsia bijugaVU

From: Asia, Africa, Australia, (main source of timber is Indonesia, Malaysia)
Uses: Top quality exterior joinery. Occasionally available as wood strip flooring.

Mersawa

Anisoptera spp.
Many speciesCR/EN

From: South-east Asia
Uses: Light construction, furniture, plywood, veneer, marine construction.

Mora

Mora spp.

From: South America
Uses: Industrial flooring, marine and heavy construction.

Muhimbi

Cynometra alexandri

From: Africa
Uses: Construction, turnery. Occasionally available as woodblock flooring.

Muhuhu

Brachylaena hutchinsii

From: East Africa
Uses: High quality flooring subject to heavy wear. Regularly available as wood strip and woodblock flooring.

Muninga

Pterocarpus angolensisNT

From: Africa
Uses: Panelling and joinery. Regularly available as wood strip and woodblock flooring.

Mutenye

Guibourtia arnoldiana

From: Africa
Uses: Turnery, flooring, furniture, veneer.

Woods beginning with N

Jump to: A   B   C   D   E   F   G   H   I   J   K   L   M   N   O   P   Q   R   S   T   U   V   W   X   Y   Z

Niangon

Heritiera utilisVU

From: West Africa
Uses: Furniture.

Niove

Staudtia stipitata

From: Africa
Uses: Cabinetwork, joinery, decorative veneers, flooring, turnery.

Nyatoh

Palaquium spp.
Several speciesVU

From: South-east Asia
Uses: Exterior construction, fine furniture, veneer, musical instruments.

Woods beginning with O

Jump to: A   B   C   D   E   F   G   H   I   J   K   L   M   N   O   P   Q   R   S   T   U   V   W   X   Y   Z

Oak

Quercus spp.

From: UK, Europe, North America
Uses: Wide variety of applications, including joinery, furniture, fittings, flooring wood strip and woodblock flooring. Regularly available as reclaimed beams, floorboards.

Oak, Tasmanian

Eucalyptus delegatensis

From: Australia
Uses: General purpose timber, flooring.

Odoko

Scottellia coriacea

From: Africa
Uses: Interior and exterior construction, furniture.

Ogea

Daniellia spp.
D. klaineiNT
D. oblongaVU

From: Africa
Uses: Plywood, joinery, furniture, veneer.

Okoume

Aucoumea klaineanaVU

From: Gabon
Uses: Plywood.

Okwen

Brachystegia spp.
B. kennedyiVU
B. zenkeriVU

From: Africa
Uses: Flooring, veneer, general construction, joinery.

Olon

Fagara heitzii

From: Africa
Uses: Interior construction, furniture, veneers.

Opepe / Kussia

Nauclea diderrichiiVU

From: West Africa
Uses: Outdoor construction, marine defence, sleepers, flooring. Occasionally available as beams, woodblock flooring.

Woods beginning with P

Jump to: A   B   C   D   E   F   G   H   I   J   K   L   M   N   O   P   Q   R   S   T   U   V   W   X   Y   Z

Padauk

Pterocarpus spp.
P. indicusVU

From: India, Myanmar, West Africa
Uses: Joinery, flooring, boat-building. Regularly available as wood strip and woodblock flooring.

Panga Panga

Millettia stuhlmanii

From: Africa
Uses: Cabinet work, joinery, veneer, flooring, turnery. Regularly available as woodblock flooring, musical instruments.

Pau Marfim

Balfourodendron riedelianumEN

From: Brazil
Uses: Furniture making, flooring, construction, turnery.

Pear

Pyrus communis

From: Europe
Uses: Turnery, carving, drawing instruments, veneer.

Peroba Rosa

Aspidosperma spp.
A. polyneuronEN

From: South America
Uses: Fine furniture, veneer, cabinet work, flooring, interior trim and turning.

Persimmon

Diospyros virginiana

From: North America
Uses: Decorative ware, musical instruments, turnery.

Pine (softwood) various and types, also known as Redwood

Pinus spp.

From: UK, Europe (commonly in plantations), North America
Uses: General utility work. Regularly available as beams, floorboards, wood strip, woodblock flooring.

Pine, Parana (softwood)

Araucaria angustifoliaVU

From: Brazil (some plantations)
Uses: Joinery, plywood.

Pitch Pine (softwood)

Pinus spp.

From: Southern USA, Brazil (plantations)
Uses: Construction, plywood.

Plane, European

Platanus hybrida

From: Europe
Uses: Veneer, general purpose handles.

Poplar

Populus spp.

From: UK, Europe
Uses: Matches, turnery, minor craft goods.

Purpleheart

Peltogyne spp.

From: Central and South America
Uses: Heavy construction work, decorative purposes. Occasionally available as beams.

Woods beginning with Q

Jump to: A   B   C   D   E   F   G   H   I   J   K   L   M   N   O   P   Q   R   S   T   U   V   W   X   Y   Z

Quaruba

Vochysia spp.

From: South America
Uses: Carpentry, utility plywood, furniture components, interior trim, millwork.

Woods beginning with R

Jump to: A   B   C   D   E   F   G   H   I   J   K   L   M   N   O   P   Q   R   S   T   U   V   W   X   Y   Z

Ramin

Gonystylus bancanusVU

From: Malaysia, Indonesia
Uses: Mouldings.

Rauli

Nothofagus procera

From: South America
Uses: Furniture, joinery, mouldings, turnery.

Rosewood

Dalbergia spp.
D. nigraVU
Various speciesNT

From: Africa, South America, India
Uses: Furniture, musical instruments.

Rubberwood

Hevea brasiliensis

From: Malaysia (plantations)
Uses: Furniture.

Woods beginning with S

Jump to: A   B   C   D   E   F   G   H   I   J   K   L   M   N   O   P   Q   R   S   T   U   V   W   X   Y   Z

Sapele

Entandophragma cylindricumVU

From: West Africa
Uses: Furniture, joinery, decorative applications.

Sepetir

Sindora spp.
S. inermisVU
S. supaVU

From: South-east Asia
Uses: Furniture, veneer, light construction, household utensils, plywood, flooring.

Sequioa, red

Sequioa sempervirens

From: North America
Uses: Joinery.

Simpoh

Dillenia spp.
Several speciesVU

From: South-east Asia
Uses: Plywood, interior joinery, furniture and cabinetwork.

Spruce (softwood), also known as Whitewood

Picea spp.

From: UK, Europe (commonly in plantations), North America
Uses: General purpose timber. Regularly available as beams, floorboards, wood strip and woodblock flooring.

Sterculia, red

Sterculia rhinopetala

From: Africa
Uses: Light construction work, interior joinery, boxes and crates.

Swamp sepetir

Pseudosindora palustris

From: South-east Asia
Uses: Furniture, cabinetwork, joinery, flooring, plywood, veneers.

Sycamore

Acer pseudoplatanus

From: Europe
Uses: Turnery, veneers.

Woods beginning with T

Jump to: A   B   C   D   E   F   G   H   I   J   K   L   M   N   O   P   Q   R   S   T   U   V   W   X   Y   Z

Tali

Erythrophleum spp.

From: Africa
Uses: Flooring, heavy construction.

Tatajuba

Bagassa guianensis

From: South America
Uses: Furniture, flooring, joinery, heavy construction.

Taun

Pometia pinnata

From: South-east Asia
Uses: General purpose timber.

Tchitola

Oxystigma oxyphyllum

From: Africa
Uses: General purpose timber, veneer, plywood.

Teak

Tectona grandis

From: South-east Asia (also in plantations elsewhere)
Uses: High quality furniture, joinery, garden furniture. Regularly available as wood strip and woodblock flooring, occasionally as beams.

Teak, Rhodesian

Baikiaea plurijugaNT

From: Southern Africa
Uses: Exterior construction, flooring. Regularly available as wood strip and woodblock flooring.

Terentang

Campnosperma brevipetiolata

From: South-east Asia
Uses: Light general purposes.

Tiama / Edinam / Cedu nohor

Entandrophragma angolenseVU

From: Africa
Uses: Furniture, joinery, construction, flooring.

Tornillo

Cedrelingua cataeneformis

From: South America
Uses: General furniture construction.

Tulipwood / American poplar

Liriodendron tulipifera

From: North America
Uses: Mouldings, drumsticks.

Woods beginning with U

Jump to: A   B   C   D   E   F   G   H   I   J   K   L   M   N   O   P   Q   R   S   T   U   V   W   X   Y   Z

Utile / sipo

Entandophragma utileVU

From: West Africa (Ghana, Cote d'Ivoire)
Uses: Furniture, fitments, joinery, construction. Regularly available as wood strip and woodblock flooring.

Woods beginning with V

Jump to: A   B   C   D   E   F   G   H   I   J   K   L   M   N   O   P   Q   R   S   T   U   V   W   X   Y   Z

Virola

Virola spp.
V. surinamensisEN

From: South America
Uses: Plywood, mouldings, interior joinery.

Vitex Minor

Vitex confassus

From: South-east Asia
Uses: Boxes and crates, utility furniture, joinery.

Woods beginning with W

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Wallaba

Eperua falcata

From: South America
Uses: Heavy construction, poles, industrial flooring.

Walnut, African /dibetou

Lovoa trichilioidesVU

From: West and Central Africa
Uses: Furniture and panelling.

Walnut

Juglans spp.

From: Europe, North America
Uses: Furniture, joinery, gun butts. Regularly available as antique panelling and veneered doors.

Walnut, Australian

Endiandra palmerstonii

From: Queensland Australia
Uses: Furniture, interior joinery and construction, veneers.

Wawa / Samba / Obeche / Ayous

Triplochiton scleroxylon

From: Africa
Uses: Kitchen furniture, mouldings, hidden work, plywood.

Wenge

Millettia laurentiiEN

From: Central Africa
Uses: Furniture, decorative veneers, speciality uses. Regularly available as woodblock flooring.

Willow

Salix spp.

From: UK, Europe
Uses: Cricket bats, basket work, toys and other items.

Woods beginning with Y

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Yew (softwood)

Taxus baccata

From: UK, Europe
Uses: Decorative veneer.