UK council pension funds invest over £16 billion in climate-wrecking fossil fuels

Press release
Local authorities urged to end investments in climate-changing dirty fuels: gas, coal and oil.
  Published:  09 Nov 2017    |      3 minute read

UK councils invest over £16 billion of pensions in climate-wrecking fossil fuels.

Data released today reveals that UK councils invest £16.1 billion of their workers’ pensions into companies that extract coal, oil and gas, fuelling dangerous climate change.

While the United Nations meet in Bonn to discuss progress on Paris Agreement climate goals, the new data reveals that UK local government pensions are financially invested in the industry most responsible for climate change.

Fuelling the Fire, produced by Friends of the Earth,, Platform and Energy Democracy Project examined local authority pension fund investments across the UK and found that:

• No significant change on 2015 investments, despite pressure to take climate risk into account
• Manchester, Dumfries and Galloway, Torfaen, Hammersmith and Fulham authorities are among the most exposed to fossil fuel investments

Compared to 2015 data, investments in fossil fuels have gone up in real terms (from £14bn) and did not change significantly in proportion to the size of the pension funds. These figures show that councils have not made any significant changes to their investments in response to calls from the climate movement, governments, and shareholders to take climate risk into account, in the two years since the Paris Agreement on climate change.

Friends of the Earth divestment campaigner Deirdre Duff said:

“It’s astonishing that councils across the UK are continuing to invest vast sums of money in climate-wrecking fossil fuels through their pension funds. With urgent action needed to tackle the climate change crisis our local authorities should be doing far more on this issue.

“Council pension funds should pull their cash out of coal, gas and oil and invest in the new technologies that are already helping to build a cleaner, safer future.”

Platform campaigner Sarah Shoraka said:

“Local councils are gambling with our future. By continuing to heavily invest in companies like BP and Shell, local authorities are risking the future of our pensions and our climate.

Council pension funds have an opportunity to invest instead in things communities really need: affordable housing, public transport, and publicly owned renewable energy. Councils must divest to secure pensions and invest in our future.”

Ellen Gibson, Divestment Campaigner with, said:

“With hurricanes devastating the Caribbean, wildfires ravaging southern Europe and flooding and drought destroying lives across the world – the impacts of climate change are hitting hard. Despite this, UK councils are still ploughing billions into companies like Exxon, Shell and BP who have spent decades fuelling the crisis, and profiting on its back.

“Climate change isn’t a problem for future generations – it’s happening now, and action has never been more urgent. Our councils, and all public institutions, must cut their ties with the fossil fuel companies responsible and divest.”

George Guivalu Nacewa, Fiji Climate Warrior attending the COP23 talks in Bonn, said:

“In the Pacific, the impacts of climate change are not a debate, it is our reality. We need to keep fossil fuels in the ground. We no longer have time to talk. Now is the time to act.”

The data and online map released by, Platform, Energy Democracy Project, and Friends of the Earth ranks councils by their fossil fuel investments, and allows residents to see every company or fund their local council has invested into.

Several councils already committed to divest their pensions from fossil fuels. Waltham Forest Councillor Simon Miller (Cabinet Member, Economic Growth & High Streets, previously Chair of Waltham Forest Pension Fund) said:

“I am proud that Waltham Forest has committed to divest from fossil fuels. Given current pressures on Local Authority budgets, our pension funds have a key role to play, not only in making our economy greener and our communities healthier, but as driver of sustainable, future focused investment in local areas.”

Examples of councils making pension fund investments into clean energy infrastructure and public goods include:

• Strathclyde Pension Fund invested £10 million in Albion Community Power, who own hydro stations with capacity to power 4,000 homes.
• Falkirk Pension Fund provided £30 million for a major programme of 190 new homes, including council housing, in the Forth Valley.
• Lancashire County Council invested £12 million into Westmill Solar Co-operative, a community owned solar farm.

In June 2017, UNISON, the largest trade union representing local government workers in the country, passed policy to “seek divestment of Local Government Pension Schemes from fossil fuels over five years giving due regard to fiduciary duty”. Unison is represented on the boards of a number of the council pension funds.

In March 2014, following a clarification from the UK Law Commission on the interpretation of fiduciary duty, the Local Government Association (LGA) (England & Wales) published a legal opinion on how fiduciary duties affected the scope for a Local Government Pension Scheme (LGPS), concluding that “the precise choice of investment may be influenced by wider social, ethical or environmental considerations, so long as that that does not risk material financial detriment to the fund.”

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Notes to editors:

1. Full data and interactive map is be available here
The calculations of fossil fuel investments are based on investments in the top 100 oil & gas and top 100 coal companies according to the Carbon Underground 200 index 2016.
2. Data from July 2017 estimates that only 100 fossil fuel companies are responsible for 71% of global greenhouse gas emissions.
3. See the 2015 dataset at  here.
4. For a copy of the resolution passed by UNISON see here - p92 onwards.